Providing Personal Care

Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) are activities that adults do every day to carry out their lives. These include bathing, dressing, grooming, going to the bathroom, walking, eating and other basic activities. The vast majority of ADLs are provided by the paraprofessional in most health care settings. Because of this responsibility, it is important as caregivers to have a solid understanding of the appropriate techniques in providing personal care. The paraprofessional also needs to be able to correctly demonstrate the proper skills necessary to provide personal care. In addition to ADLs, it is important that the caregiver understand and practice the goals of proper skin care and the preventive measures necessary to avoid pressure ulcers.

This course is part of the Home Health Aide/Nursing Assistant Training library designed for agency or education institution use as an educational aid and resource in conjunction with hands-on instruction in a lab and or clinical setting supervised by a nurse educator. The agency or education institution is responsible for ensuring the learner has attained the knowledge and care skills, according to their state's requirements, before providing care to a client.

This is a self-paced course with optional knowledge check quizzes after each lesson. These non-graded quizzes allow you to check your understanding of the lesson objectives before proceeding to the next lesson. After the final lesson you will be required to take the final exam. You must score 70% or higher to pass the course and obtain a certificate of completion.

  • Describe activities of daily living
  • Identify practices to prevent skin problems in the aging patient
  • Identify how to bathe an infant
  • Recognize appropriate personal care for the patient
  • Identify the role of the aide in providing personal care
  • Demonstrate the proper technique for giving a patient a bed bath.
  • Demonstrate the proper technique for giving a patient a partial bath
  • Demonstrate the proper technique for giving a patient a tub or shower bath
  • Demonstrate the proper technique for giving a patient a perineal care
  • Demonstrate proper technique for mouth care
  • Demonstrate proper technique for mouth care for the unconscious person
  • Demonstrate popper technique for denture care
  • Demonstrate proper technique for fingernail and hand care
  • Demonstrate proper technique for foot care
  • Demonstrate proper technique for a backrub
  • Demonstrate appropriate hair care
  • Demonstrate bed shampoo
  • Demonstrate sink shampoo
  • Demonstrate shaving with electric razor
  • Demonstrate eyeglass care
  • Demonstrate hearing aid care
  • Demonstrate dressing a patient
  • Demonstrate making an occupied bed
  • Identify goals of skin care
  • Demonstrate lotion application
  • Demonstrate backrub
  • Describe prevention of pressure ulcer
  • State care of a pressure ulcer
  • Identify pressure-relieving devices
  • List safety measures when using pressure-relieving devices
Contact Time

4.4 Contact Hour: Based on 60 minute contact hour

Estimated Time

The estimated time for completion for this activity is 4.4 hour(s).

Intended Audience

This course is designed to meet the continuing education requirements of healthcare paraprofessionals, such as homehealth aide, nurses aide and personal care attendants.

Disclosure Statements:
Author Originating

Kathy Richie - BSN RN Program Director Allied Health Continuing Education Rochester Community and Technical College

Kathy Richie received her Bachelors of Science Degree in Nursing from the College of St. Teresa with a minor in Psychology. She has over 13 years experience in the health care field and a decade of experience in the design, development and provision of adult/healthcare professional continuing education. Kathy also serves as director of the Heartland Regional Geriatric Education Center for southeastern Minnesota, which is supported by the Minnesota Area Geriatric Education Center, part of the University of Minnesota's Center on Aging.

Kathy is a member of the Program Services Committee of the Alzheimer's Association, Minnesota - North Dakota Chapter as well as a member of the Leadership Council for the Alzheimer's Association Southern Minnesota Regional Center.


Materials used in connection with this course may be subject to copyright protection. Retention of the materials for longer than the class term, unauthorized further dissemination of the materials, or use of copyrighted materials in any way other than intended for this class is prohibited by Copyright and Teach Act laws.


This course was developed with Rochester Community and Technical College's Continuing Education and Workforce Development Division located in Rochester Minnesota. Development was funded from the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities System.

Course Code
Course Category
Home Health