Assisting with ADLs Activity and Exercise

Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) are activities that adults do every day to carry out their lives. These include bathing, dressing, grooming, going to the bathroom, walking, eating and other basic activities. The vast majority of ADLs are provided by the paraprofessional in most health care settings. Because of this responsibility, it is important as caregivers to have a solid understanding of the appropriate techniques in providing personal care. The Personal Care Workers also needs to be able to correctly demonstrate the proper skills necessary to provide personal care.

This course will present information on basic body mechanics, benefits of exercise, effects of immobility, and basic principles of rehabilitation. Appropriate, effective skills for activity and exercise will be presented.

This is a self-paced course with optional knowledge check quizzes after each lesson. These non-graded quizzes allow you to check your understanding of the lesson objectives before proceeding to the next lesson. After the final lesson you will be required to take the final exam. You must score 70% or higher to pass the course and obtain a certificate of completion.

  • Recognize basic body mechanics
  • Discuss benefits of exercise
  • List the benefits of rest
  • Discuss effects of lack of sleep and rest
  • Define body alignment
  • Demonstrate supine position placement
  • Demonstrate side-lying position placement
  • Demonstrate passive range of motion: shoulder and elbow
  • Demonstrate passive range of motion: hip and knee
  • Describe goals of rehabilitation
  • Describe restorative care
  • Demonstrate the proper procedure for moving the client up in bed
  • Demonstrate the proper procedure for moving the client up in bed using a lift sheet
  • Demonstrate the proper procedure for using a mechanical lift
  • Discuss effects of immobility
  • Demonstrate wheelchair transport
  • Demonstrate wheelchair transfer
  • Demonstrate the proper procedure for a 2-person wheelchair transfer
  • Demonstrate ambulation
  • Demonstrate walking with a cane
  • Demonstrate walking with a walker
Contact Time

2.5 Contact Hour: based on 60 minute contact hour

Estimated Time

The estimated time for completion for this activity is 2.5 hour(s).

Intended Audience

This course is designed to meet the continuing education requirements of personal care workers.

Disclosure Statements:
Author Originating

Patricia Jump - RN PHN MA

Technical Nurse Consultant, President Acorn's End Training and Consulting. Patricia Jump received her Bachelor's in Nursing Degree from Winona State University and her Masters of Arts Degree in Health and Human Services Administration from St. Mary's University. She has over 25 years experience in the health care field and almost two decades of public speaking experience. As a professional trainer and consultant, Patricia conducts seminars across the country for all levels of employees in business, professional associations, educational organizations, churches, and government agencies. Additionally, she serves as personal coach, consultant, and retreat facilitator for home care leaders and organizations throughout the nation.


Materials used in connection with this course may be subject to copyright protection. Retention of the materials for longer than the class term, unauthorized further dissemination of the materials, or use of copyrighted materials in any way other than intended for this class is prohibited by Copyright and Teach Act laws.


This course was developed with Rochester Community and Technical College's Continuing Education and Workforce Development Division located in Rochester Minnesota. Development was funded from the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities System.

Course Code
Course Category
Personal Care Worker Health